The Victory of Adwa marks the defeat of the invading Italian forces by the Ethiopians in March 2, 1896.
The very cause of the war is the colonial ambition of Italy in which it tried to erode the sovereignty of Ethiopia by expanding into Ethiopian territory and tried to colonize the country.
The colonial ambition and its tactic to use Wuchale Treaty between the two countries to materialize its ambition led to the battle of Adwa. The Amharic (Ethiopian language) version and the Italian version of Article 17 of the Treaty was different.
While the Amharic version reads Ethiopia may seek the good offices of Italy for its foreign affairs if it wishes while the Italian version reads Ethiopia is obliged to conduct its foreign relations through Italy. During the time, Ethiopia rejected the mischievous Italian version of the agreement and announced it is a free country to conduct its foreign relations by its own.
At the Battle of Adwa, Ethiopians fought the aggressor that tried to expand its colonial empire by trying to colonize Ethiopia. Ethiopians, irrespective of religion, ethnicity and language, from all directions of the country with a resounding leadership went to the battle on foot, horses and mules and fought to defend the sovereignty of the country. This determination made Ethiopia the first African country that is not colonized.
Ethiopians and Ethiopian origins at home and abroad commemorate the victory Day every year to honor their forefathers who sacrificed themselves to hand a free country to the generation. The Victory of Adwa is a source of pride and an exemplary of unity and standing one to defend ones right and dignity.
ADWA is an emblem for an African victory and black excellence. The victory witnessed African capability to defend its dignity and ignited the light for struggle for anti-colonialism for African brothers. Adwa turned Ethiopia into a symbol of freedom for black people globally.
The 125th anniversary of the victory of Adwa is being celebrated with various events throughout the month of February until the Victory Day- March 2. A national committee for the anniversary is formed and chaired by H.E. President Sahile-Work Zewde and Hirut Kassaw, Minister of Culture and Tourism of Ethiopia leads the executive committee. By appreciating the sacrifices, Ethiopian celebrate this year’s Adwa victory with a motto roughly translated as ‘Adwa- an emblem of a Pluralistic unity’.
Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in Kampala celebrates the anniversary into two main functions. The first one is with Ethiopians and Ethiopian origins residing in Uganda today (Feb 21, 2021) at the premises of the Embassy and the second one through a Panel Discussion in collaboration with Makerere University on Feb 25, 2021.
On today’s event, Ethiopian diasporas have gathered at the Embassy and celebrated the Day with various programs. During the event, a speech by H.E. Alemtsehay Meseret, – Ethiopian Ambassador to the Republic of Uganda was made and the Ambassador gave clear updates on the current affairs of Ethiopia. In addition, discussions, photo exhibitions, songs about Adwa, documentaries, and a cocktail reception held.
The discussions revolves around how we can better use the victory to ignite more efforts to work towards to solve and defend internal and external challenges such as misinformation, anti-peace elements, and poverty. In the discussions held, the Diasporas vowed to stand together for their country.
The photo, music and documentary selections illustrate and demonstrate the battle fought as well as happenings that have occurred during that time to better depict the day with visual and audio representations.