Japan's prime minister has promised to "never repeat the tragedy of war" on the 75th anniversary of his country's surrender in World War Two.
"We will continue to remain committed to this resolute pledge," Shinzo Abe said on Saturday.
He marked the occasion by sending an offering to a controversial war shrine in Tokyo, but did not attend in person.
However, four ministers did visit the Yasukuni Shrine, in a move that is likely to anger China and South Korea.
It is the first time in four years such senior politicians have attended the shrine, which pays homage to a number of senior figures convicted of war crimes, as well as the country's war dead.
"I paid respects... to the souls of those who nobly sacrificed themselves during the war," Education Minister Koichi Hagiuda exp...