By Julius Mugaga Tukacungurwa/KMA Updates.
Kampala, Uganda: Civil Society Organizations bloc has strongly compelled Uganda’s government to absorb their proposals as observed and analyzed from the recently released Ministerial Policy Statement (MPS) FY 2022/23 in the final reading of the FY 2022/23 Budget.
(1st R)- Namagga Imelda, Budget Advocacy Advisor at Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group,(CSBAG), (2nd R)- Patrick Rubangakene, Budget Specialist at Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG), (2nd L)- Agnes Kirabo, Executive Director of Food Rights Alliance (FRA), (1st L)- Emmanuel Kashaija, Programs Manager at Forum for Women in Democracy (FOWODE) all members of the CSOs consortium are seen at Press conference held at FRA Secretariat in Mengo yesterday. Photo by Julius Mugaga.
While addressing a Press Conference at Food Rights Alliance (FRA) Secretariat in Mengo, the CSOs Consortium of Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG), Action Against Hunger USA- Uganda, ACF USA-Uganda Mission, Forum for Women in Democracy (FOWEDE), Uganda Women’s Network (UWONET), Southern and Eastern Africa Trade Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI Uganda) and others posed a strong need for consideration of their views if this year’s budget is to achieve its intended goals as per the theme of Key priorities for Economic Recovery and Safeguarding livelihoods.
Though the CSOs consortium commends government for taking some measures on the escalating prices of essential commodities as reflected from the statement by Ministry of Finance on 22nd, March, 2022, meeting timelines in this year’s budget processes as per the Public Finance management Act, 2015 as amended and adopting some proposals by CSOs through engagement with Parliamentary Committees, they still raise concerns in the MPS before final Budget ruling.
Patrick Rubangakene, the Budget Analyst at Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG), notes that according to the FY 2021/22 half year Macroeconomic and Fiscal Performance Report, the economy is expected to grow at 3.8 percent in FY 2021/22 and is projected to grow at about may be 6 percent in FY 2022/23.
Patrick Rubangakene, Budget Specialist at Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG) address journalists on the CSOs consortium concerns from the Ministerial Policy Statement (MPS) FY 2022/23 at Food Rights Alliance (FRA) Secretariat in Mengo yesterday. Photo by Julius Mugaga.
He says according to the report, this growth is expected to be generated by private sector activity due to increased aggregate demand post COVID-19; increased returns from public Infrastructure investments; and increased activities in the oil and gas sector.
The 6% growth translates to UGX 2,472.1 billion i.e. from UGX 44,778.80Bn in FY 2021/22 to UGX 47,250.9Bn in FY2022/23 of which 39.3% (UGX 18,582.6Bnn) of the overall budget will be for statutory expenditures while 60.7% i.e. UGX 28,668.3Bn will be appropriated for service delivery.
Patrick says, for this Fy 2022/23 to be effective the following must be tackled;
He says rising Prices of Essential Commodities must be quickly get a solution arguing that since the re-opening of the economy in January 2022 the country has since experienced an increment in commodity prices of up to 100% for some commodities for example laundry bar soap prices increased by 47.8%, cooking oil by 77.6% and fuel by 34% in the last one year.
Government should come up with possible ways of reducing the ever increasing increasing Public Debt as this constrains Government’s ability and effectiveness to finance the implementation and management of policy initiatives. “The Monetary Policy Bank of Uganda Report (Feb 2022) revealed that public debt increased from UGX 69,722.4 billion in June 2021 to UGX 73,656.0 billion in December 2021 indicating a 5.6 percent increase”. He added.
Escalating poor Public Investments Management (PIM) must be well managed through effective and efficient systems since Uganda’s public infrastructure projects are largely funded by external donors for example, 342 projects worth UGX 39 trillion out of a sample of 371 projects reviewed had gone past their planned exit periods from the Public Investment Plan (PIP).
He notes that there has usually been delayed disbursement of funds to Local Governments though it’s meant to release funds by the 10th day of the first month of the quarter but sometimes delays for example, according to the Auditor General Report 2020/21, the Ministry of Local Government disbursed UGX 22.1Bn to various Local Governments in the last two weeks of June 2021 and, in some cases, as late as 29th June 2021.
For Agnes Kirabo, the Executive Director of Food Rights Alliance (FRA)noted with concern that agriculture being the leading sector catering many Ugandans as well being seen as a vehicle of economic growth needs critical attention if it will effectively support the FY 2022/23.
Agnes Kirabo, Executive Director of Food Rights Alliance (FRA) delivers her key concerns regarding the Agricultural sector as cited from the Ministerial Policy Statement (MPS) FY 2022/23 at FRA Secretariat in Mengo yesterday. Photo by Julius Mugaga.
She decried limited investment towards Water for Agricultural Production though Government increased the area under formal irrigation in FY2020/21 to 22,504 hectares which was higher than the set target of 19,776.
She however says as CSOs are concerned about the delay in completing the irrigation master plan this coupled with low budget allocation for small scale irrigation at UGX 3.5Bn available out of the required UGX 23.5Bn (MAAIF, 2022/23) undermines the realization of Pillar 1 of the PDM.
She also pointed out Government’s weak adherence to food fortification regulations though in 2011 itself made food fortification mandatory for wheat flour, maize flour and edible vegetable oil as per the Food and Drugs (food fortification) (Amendment) Regulations, 2011 SI. No.53.
“We recognize the food fortification increases availability of micronutrients such as Vitamin A and Zinc which are critical in the fight against deficiencies among children right from birth but there are challenges such as lack of information on fortification by producers, limited technical or financial capacity to fortify by small-scale producers, small-
scale producers’ unit cost of premix is higher than large-scale producers’ unit cost continue to manifest” Kirabo added.
To Namagga Imelda, the Budget Advocacy Advisor at Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG) showed concern on the low absorption of the wage budget by health facilities with the high level of vacant positions hence many health facilities hence failing to absorb the wage budget and funds returned to the Consolidated Fund.
Namagga Imelda, Budget Advocacy Advisor at Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG) gives her remarks during CSOs consortium Press conference held at Food Rights Alliance (FRA) Secretariat in Mengo yesterday. Photo by Julius Mugaga.
“In the FY 2020/21, UGX 11 billion was returned by the Ministry of Health while Mulago Hospital returned over UGX 1 billion and on average RRHs returned over UGX 0.5 Bn each”. She added.
She also cited inadequate domestic financing for family planning services and commodities yet the country is commits to scale up the use of modern family planning methods to ensure that every Ugandan woman can choose when and how many children to have.
She says the young people have no access to sexual related information due to limited access to youth friendly centers which is a weakness by the government that needs to be expedited.
Imelda also highlighted that there is inadequate financing for induction of Local Governments Councils and transport equipment with more new political leaders coming in created from last elections and the majority with little experience yet this is needed for strengthening implementation, monitoring and reporting, adequate capacities building and means of transport.
In the same media engagement was Emmanuel Kashaija, the Programs manager at Forum for Women in Democracy (FOWEDE) highlighted on shortfall in Social Assistance Grant for Empowerment (SAGE) Budget that enables the elderly to access basic services and to start income generating activities for sustenance.
Emmanuel Kashaija, Programs Manager at Forum for Women in Democracy (FOWODE) speaks during CSOs consortium Press conference held at Food Rights Alliance (FRA) Secretariat in Mengo yesterday. Photo by Julius Mugaga.
He says, according to the MoGLSD, MPS FY 2022/23, the total budget required to fund the SAGE Program is UGX 182.775bn but only UGX 120.7bn is projected to be available leaving a funding gap of UGX 63.75Bn.
He also cited underfunding of Urban Water and Sewerage Services yet this is a priority component of the Human Capital Development Program of the National Development Plan III (NDPIII).
He says although Government has put in effort to improve access to safe urban water supply from 70.5% in FY 2019/20 to 71.6% FY2020/21, it is however silent on plans to increase the coverage of sewered sanitation.
Kashaija pointed on the increased demand for unpaid care and domestic work yet adversities caused by climate change greatly impact women and girls due to their over-reliance on natural resources for subsistence and commercial livelihoods which heavily affect women and girls finding safe water, forest fuels, and food for their families so government through ministry of water must come in to devise ways of averting this.
He still informed that there is lack of a Disaster Preparedness and Management Law saying, according to the latest update of the INFORM Risk Index 2021, Uganda ranks 21 out of a total of 190 countries analyzed worldwide in terms of risk driven by the increasing frequency, intensity and scale of disasters affecting Uganda.
“Disaster induced problems require a comprehensive and coordinated disaster management policy and legislation”. Kashaija added.